shrunk between the proposal and the data collection, and again between the
pretest and the posttest.
|There were 41
participants available to view the instructional treatments and to take the
posttests, but only 36 represented matched pairs, (i.e., 18 matched pairs).
As seen in Table 1, there had been 21 matched pairs available for the
pretest, but three absences for the posttest eliminated three of those pairs,
leaving three unmatched participants, in addition to the two unmatched
participants of the pretest total.
|A pretest survey
investigated the participantsí characteristics concerning their prior
experience with German and with L2 in general.
analyses revealed no significant differences between groups based on their L2